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最近5年高考英语语法填空词性转换概括

   日期:2020-09-05     来源:www.zhixueshuo.com    作者:智学网    浏览:620    评论:0    
核心提示:  ▲ 2019 年  2019 全国 I 卷  It is difficult to figure out a global population of polar bears as much of the rang

  ▲ 2019 年
  2019 全国 I 卷
  It is difficult to figure out a global population of polar bears as much of the range has been 62 studied.
  In recent years some Inuit people in Nunavut have reported increases in bear sightings around human settlements, leading to a 66 that populations are increasing.
  2019 全国 II 卷
  Her years of hard work have 63 been acknowledged after a customer nominated her to be Cheshires Woman Of The Year.
  We are so proud of her. Its 70 .
  2019 全国 III 卷
  When they were free from work, they invited us to local events and let us know of an interesting 66 to watch, together with the story behind it. They also shared with us many 67 stories about Hawaii that were 68 popular with tourists.
  2019 浙江
  When the children are walking or cycling to school on dark mornings, car drivers can 60 see them.
  Other American studies showed no 64 between uniforms and school performance.
  School uniforms are 65 in Britain, but some schools are starting to get rid of them.
  2019 北京
  Students should have a proper attitude towards college before thinking about which college to attend, and its never too early to make necessary preparations for a healthy and 10 college experience.
  ▲ 2018 年
  2018 全国 I 卷
  To avoid knee pain, you can run on soft surfaces, do exercises to 68 your leg muscles , avoid hills and get good running shoes. Running is cheap, easy and its always 69 .
  2018 全国 II 卷
  A taste for meat is 63 behind the change: An important part of its corn is used to feed chickens, pigs, and cattle.
  This switch has decreased 66 in the countrys major lakes and reservoirs and made drinking water safer for people.
  According to the World Bank, China accounts for about 30 percent of total 67 fertilizer consumption.
  2018 全国 III 卷
  My name is Mireya Mayor. Im a 66 who studies animals such as apes and monkeys.
  2018 浙江卷
  The obvious one is money; eating out once or twice a week may be 62 but doing this most days adds up.
  Researchers have found that there is a direct link between the increase in food eaten outside the home and the rise in 64 problems.
  ▲ 2017 年
  2017 全国 I 卷
  Having enough fat and salt in your meals will reduce the urge to snack between meals and will improve the taste of your food. However, be 69 not to go to extremes.
  2017 全国 II 卷
  Steam engines were used to pull the carriages and it must have been 66 unpleasant for the passengers, with all the smoke and noise.
  This development was only possible with the 69 of electric-powered engines and lifts. The central London Railway was one of the most 70 of these new lines, and was opened in 1900.
  2017 全国 III 卷
  She is determined to carry on with her 66 .
  I dont want to get too absorbed in modeling. It is 70 fun but the lifestyle is a little unreal.
  2017 浙江卷
  But something made her look closer, and she noticed a 57 object.
  ▲ 2016 年
  2016 全国 I 卷
  Chengdu has dozens of new millionaires, Asias biggest building, and fancy new hotels. But for tourists like me, pandas are its top 61 .
  The title will be 63 given to me at a ceremony in London.
  2016 全国 II 卷
  If you feel stressed by responsibilities at work, you should take a step back and identify those of greater and less importance. Then, handle the most important tasks first so youll feel a real sense of 42 .
  Recent studies show that we are far more productive at work if we take short breaks 47 .
  2016 全国 III 卷
  Food in small pieces could be eaten easily with twigs which 46 turned into chopsticks. Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius, who lived from roughly 551 to 479 B.C. influenced the 48 of chopsticks.
  ▲ 2015 年
  2015 全国 I 卷
  Abercrombie Kent, a travel company in Hong Kong, says it 69 arranges quick getaways here for people living in Shanghai and Hong Kong.
  2015 全国 II 卷
  In addition to their simple beauty, what makes the adobe dwellings admirable is their 63 to air condition a house without using electric equipment.
  Walls made of adobe take in the heat from the sun on hot days and give out that heat 65 during cool nights.
  As 69 architects, the Pueblo Indians figured out exactly how thick the adobe walls needed to be to make the cycle work on most days.
  答案
  ▲ 2019 年
  2019 全国 I 卷 62. poorly 66. belief
  2019 全国 II 卷 63. finally 70. wonderful
  2019 全国 III 卷 66. competition 67. traditional 68. hugely
  2019 浙江 60. easily 64. connection / connections 65. traditional
  2019 北京 10. meaningful
  ▲ 2018 年
  2018 全国 I 卷 68. strengthen 69. energetic
  2018 全国 II 卷 63. actually 66. pollution 67. global
  2018 全国 III 卷 66. scientist
  2018 浙江卷 62. affordable 64. weight
  ▲ 2017 年
  2017 全国 I 卷 69. careful
  2017 全国 II 卷 66. fairly 69. introduction 70. successful
  2017 全国 III 卷 66. education 70. certainly
  2017 浙江卷 57. shiny / shining
  ▲ 2016 年
  2016 全国 I 卷 61. attraction 63. officially
  2016 全国 II 卷 42. achievement 47. regularly
  2016 全国 III 卷 46. gradually 48. development
  ▲ 2015 年
  2015 全国 I 卷 69. regularly
  2015 全国 II 卷 63. ability 65. slowly 69. natural
  二、近五年考点分类概括
  1. 形容词 副词
  poor poorly;
  final finally;
  huge hugely;
  easy easily;
  actual actually;
  fair fairly;
  certain certainly;
  official officially;
  regular regularly;
  gradual gradually;
  slow slowly
  2. 动词 名词
  believe belief;
  compete competition;
  connect connection;
  pollute pollution;
  weigh weight;
  introduce introduction;
  educate education;
  attract attraction;
  achieve achievement;
  develop development
  3. 名词 形容词
  wonder wonderful;
  tradition traditional;
  meaning meaningful;
  globe global;
  success successful;
  care careful;
  nature natural;
  energy energetic
  4. 动词 形容词
  afford affordable
  shine shiny / shining;
  5. 形容词 名词
  able ability
  6. 名词 动词
  strength strengthen
  7. 名词 名词(人)
  science scientist
  三、容易见到前缀后缀盘点
  前缀一般改变词义而不改变词性;后缀一般改变词性而不改变词义。
  01
  后缀
  副词后缀
  副词后缀 -ly:
  absolutely, completely, exactly, extremely, frequently, obviously, particularly, similarly, suddenly
  形容词后缀
  -able / -ible:
  reasonable, flexible, reliable, valuable, accessible, considerable
  -ive:
  effective, sensitive, attractive, impressive
  -al / -ial:
  practical, beneficial, financial, facial, mental, personal
  -ate:
  considerate, fortunate
  -ful:
  powerful, successful, wonderful, fearful, respectful, skillful, thoughtful, shameful
  -ly:
  likely, lively, lonely, deadly, elderly, hourly, yearly, daily
  -ent:
  confident, convenient, independent, different, violent
  -less:
  countless, homeless, useless, breathless, effortless, selfless
  -y:
  guilty, healthy, hungry, sleepy, tasty, thirsty, wealthy, worthy, dusty
  -ic:
  energetic, scientific, fantastic
  -ary / -ory:
  contradictory, documentary, imaginary
  -ous:
  obvious, various, adventurous, ambitious, courageous, disastrous, mountainous
  名词后缀
  -ity / -ty / -y:
  curiosity, responsibility, safety, security, similarity, necessity
  -ance / -ence:
  appearance, performance, acceptance, confidence, preference, significance
  -sion / -tion:
  contribution, decision, impression, admission, concentration, discussion, donation
  -th:
  strength, depth, growth, length, warmth, width
  -ment:
  achievement, treatment, amusement, arrangement, excitement, improvement
  -ure / -ture / -ature:
  failure, pressure, exposure, mixture, signature
  -ing:
  building, suffering, understanding, warning
  -al:
  approval, arrival, survival
  -cy:
  accuracy, fluency, frequency, privacy
  -ness:
  awareness, coldness, weakness
  动词后缀
  -ate:
  concentrate, accelerate, advocate, regulate
  -n:
  broaden, fasten, frighten, sharpen, strengthen, darken, deepen, harden, lengthen
  -fy:
  satisfy, clarify, classify, identify, qualify, simplify, terrify
  -ize / -ise:
  apologize, organize, realize, recognize
  名词后缀(人)
  -ar / -er / -or:
  conductor, director, engineer, beggar, employer, instructor, interviewer, lawyer, liar
  -ist:
  artist, novelist, specialist, tourist, pianist, scientist, violinist
  -ant :
  accountant, assistant, servant
  02
  前缀
  anti- 反对,对抗;相反;防:
  anti-aging, anti-anxiety, anti-virus, antifreeze
  dis- 不,否定,相反:
  disadvantage, discourage, dishonest, dislike, disorder
  il- / im- / in- / ir- 不,非,无:
  illegal, impatient, impossible, inexpensive, immoral, inconvenient, irregular
  mis- 错误的;坏的;不,相反:
  misfortune, misunderstand, mislead, mistrust
  non- 无,不,非:
  nonprofit, nonsense, nonsmoking, nonstop, non-recycling
  un- 不;表示相反的动作:
  unable, unexpected, unfortunate, unusual, unfair, unforgettable, unnecessary
  co- 和一起,一同:
  cooperate, co-discover, co-renter, co-worker
  en- 使处于状况,使具备特质;围住:
  enable, encourage, enjoy, endanger, enlarge, enrich, ensure
  extra- 在之外,超出;很,格外:
  extraordinary, extra-large, extra-strong
  inter- 在之间,相互:
  interrupt, interview, interaction, international, Internet, interval
  micro- 极小的,微小的:
  microbiology, microphone, microscope, microwave
  mini- 特小的,微型的:
  minibus, minicomputer, miniskirt
  multi- 多于一的,多的:
  multimedia, multinational, multitask
  pre- 在之前,预先:
  predict, prejudice, prepaid, preview
  re- 再,重新:
  remind, remove, replace, return, review, react, reaction
  tele- 远 的;电视的;采用电话的:
  telephone, telescope, television, telesales
  trans- 横穿,横贯;表示变化:
  transform, translate, transport, transportation, transplant

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